The Fundacao Alexandre de Gusmao (Funag) offers a series of new, updated editions of the Candidate´s Handbooks [Manuais do Candidato] designed to help candidates study for the Diplomatic Service Entrance Examination [CACD]. Members of the academic community, experts in their fields, have been invited to prepare these Handbooks. The ideas expressed in
the texts are the exclusive responsibility of their authors.
The Candidate´s Handbooks provide a benchmark for the concepts, analysis and
bibliography in the subjects they cover. They should not be considered pass notes which will, by themselves, be sufficient to enable the candidate to succeed in the entrance examinations.